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martes, 15 de agosto de 2017


A tale of longevity in periods of times, was that perplex at my own endearments. The theory in the so called vigor of the citadel that I had, supposedly was that of my own thinking through the festive aspects of canaraderie. The entailment in the vendetta of a rigor against papacy was that urge to what I must upheaved in the dealings of contracts through visions, had that in my own. The vicisive a more through hegemony in the intertwining phenomena of international relations is that, my own ascent of intimacies upon claiming the meaning of realistic endeavor against the pervading insights of evil that is locomotive in lurking deep inside the mentalities of human behavior. The rigor that mustn't behoove in the opposition of claims were that luminous in disguising of making betrayal that can easily be owned by tricks. Such that, of emulsifying the rudiments of the lacquered gender for dealings of such memoirs that is trying to still away from me. Hereafter the point pleasant of a kindle aisle of intellects. Towards the  priorities in discus for union would be that, by my brims of gaining an owned credubilties of title and self identities.
The methodologies of dealing curates through the possibilities of surge is that quite essential in my traveling continuous to verdict of phenomenon. Then in the so called mood of a thwart to the phenomenon where that quite usually a contradiction to massive repertoire to the mathrix of mathematical synergy that is, could be easily attempted by such cases. With my own vision through the travel and leaving for my own effort as dealings to my progeny being a freelance agent is that, had a good and mediocre pride against the misdemeanor of loquacious minded and interrogative detriment of a people who must be ignited in good influence by the Christians. Of an owned humor I got this an own deluxe to trail the verdicts of making my own enjoyment at owned dealings for the pivot of positions through my own claiming of phenomenon in whimsical parodies. The better it is could effect the paradigmatic approach for an owned fortune it is in still of camaraderie by Chinese dry seal at the lower right corner of the pedagogical aspects of demeanor.

I utilized my public relations skill in order to be a good leader. This is an effective tool especially in communicating with other people, public relations can hone a company's services and products through communication. If you are friendly or knows good diplomacy, you can manipulate people and lead a company to success but only if you have goodwill. A friendly person with full of life can develop the company's confidence to endorse their products and services. This can be a means of propagating the business into a dynamic system of partnerships and interests and can be a good perception through each individuals. Public relations for me is an effective way of optimism, with these, the world may look at you as a better person full of colors. Public relations is a colorful way of leadership because in relating with clients you may face different angles of intimacy, there are times that you may encounter hot tempered clients but you should have to win and soften their heart in order to win their interests, Sometimes you may encounter serious clients but you should have to made them laugh in order to achieve what they want, most of the time you may encounter vicious clients but you need to give them the sweetest smile in order to made them calm. Public relations as a tool of good leadership can synchronized the background of the company especially in great obstacles that can't easily be solved.
                                                                                                             Such that of my escapades through an owned dealings...   

Happy Bee-day Arnie, I had it...

viernes, 22 de julio de 2016

The Thought Broadcasting

"When I say thought is everything I mean that literally everything in your life could be a construct of your thoughts. According to Albert Einstein and other brilliant scientists like David Bohm, it seems reality is nothing more than the projection of thought. Everything in life that we perceive with our 5 senses comes firstly from our habitual thinking. The fact that we all see the same things when we are in a group of people means that collectively our thoughts work together. This togetherness of perceiving the same things makes sense since we know the entire universe is made up of energy vibrating at different rates. Everything in the universe is connected on some level even though it might not seem that way.

Although we may view the same scenery or landscape when we are standing in a group, when we walk away from each other we go back into our own seemingly separate little world. Some of us live in the lap of luxury and some of us live in total poverty. Some of us are happy with ourselves and our lives, some of us are dreadfully unhappy and cannot see a way out from the problems that seem to engulf us.

If thought is everything we should able to change virtually every aspect of our life by simply changing our habitual thoughts. Although this is a difficult concept to prove scientifically, you only have to look over your own life and look at the ups and downs you have gone through to see that this concept seems valid. I can only speak for myself but when I look back over my own life I can clearly see how when I am thinking positively and optimistically I have experienced success on so many levels and have felt content during those periods. At times when life has not gone so well, it was my thoughts that let me down, not bad luck or misfortune.

I enjoy reading biographies and almost all biographies are written about successful people, I guess a biography written about someone unsuccessful would not be very successful. There seems to be a common theme with all successful people and that is, they thought about being a success in a certain area of their life long before, perhaps many years before, they became a big success.

One other very fascinating aspect of the lives of many successful people was the fact that in other areas of their life, these super successful people were quite unsuccessful. Perhaps they were successful in their primary field but many suffered failures in their relationships, financially and in other important areas of life. Many of these people claim the same story and that is they never gave much thought to success in other areas of their life other than their primary goal.

If you believe in the concept that thought is everything, you could probably make incredible changes in your life that lead to greater happiness and success. If this concept seems like fiction I guess you just have to leave your life to the winds of fate, but for me I like the idea that my thoughts do control the outcome of my life and I feel I have seen enough evidence over the course of my life to know deep inside that thought is everything". John Hill, Universe of Success

Una muchos momentos a la Viventis

Me viaje en esta vivir, vio una compana aumento en muchos gracias eso dar en el cielo, Hay un gentes devuelven interestar de comprar productos que es alguien sosyal en delante de masa. Es momento conmigo yo experiencias en vivir es muchos de caro palabras en compana de Viventis aumento eso contestar la preguntas en gente en ese circumstancis. Creo aunque descarrilar en ese viajar, la bien calidad productos tener bastar en me probar mucho compromisar con delinquente mundo de rico sociedad. No solo en la ricos pero tambien en la masa con bastar dinero gastar. Gentes tieneren buena relation especialmente con productos de compana ya pionero industria en delicado mode y porte de sociedad, con ese camino de exito. Soy creo hay un feliz vivir eso cambiar el negro mente  con gentes quien enamorarse lograr la belleza ordenar de vender industry de productos orgullo en internacional paise. Productos tienen hay unos vender y compana aumento buena ejemplo contra frustracion. Esta momentos la pelea con diferente gentes por buena productos tienen continuar, pero hacer sociedad crecer. Viventis dar diferente servicios en la masa ofrecer menos caro tratar, con viajar muchos color el proporcionar que bien en el introducion de moda sociedad. Ya un pionero industria en ricos de humanos hay mundo devuelver facil en lugar de descender instancia. Con belleza fondo momentos de gastos tener menos especialment con buena economia aspeto y ganar propio senores.

martes, 5 de julio de 2016

The queries in Asian assault to culture

It all started through the American, Chineese and Spanish dwellers that made food came to be known with filipinos as what it was stated in the website of "The Chinese who came to trade sometimes stayed on. Perhaps they cooked the noodles of home; certainly they used local condiments; surely they taught their Filipino wives their dishes, and thus Filipino-Chinese food came to be. The names identify them: All, of course, came to be indigenized—Filipinized by the ingredients and by local tastes. When the Spaniards came, the food influences they brought were from both Spain and Mexico, as it was through the vice-royalty of Mexico that the Philippines were governed. This meant the production of food for an elite, nonfood-producing class, and a food for which many ingredients were not locally available. Fil-Hispanic food had new flavors and ingredients—olive oil, paprika, saffron, ham, cheese, cured sausages—and new names. Paella, the dish cooked in the fields by Spanish workers, came to be a festive dish combining pork, chicken, seafood, ham, sausages and vegetables, a luxurious mix of the local and the foreign. The Americans introduced to the Philippine cuisine the ways of convenience: pressure-cooking, freezing, pre-cooking, sandwiches and salads; hamburgers, fried chicken and steaks." These examples paves the way of Filipino culture through food indigenization. American, Chineese and Spanish dwellers gives us a lot of legacy when it comes to food, they become an example to global economic development of our country. The tastes and savors of the legacy of our foreign visitors is still fresh in the minds of Filipinos especially the scholars who were doing various researches about the indigenization of food in our country. I believe that we can compete globally in terms of food not only with natural resources, through the food we endorse internationally spreaking many foreigners visit our country to taste the savor of our intrinsic food its nativity and nature that made the aliens don't hesitate to take a peek in our country. Especially when it was used as an intrument to eyes of all in front of television such as in the Living Asia etc. Filipino food for me can be used as a means of global development especially of the belief that foriegners and most of all the Americans were bound to be food lovers.
Therefore I can say about the food we are eating now a dayz which was influenced by our foreign visitors has changed in different styles like plain adobo became American adobo, garlic chicken and saute'd adobo, another example is the plain paella which became beef paella, seafood paella etc... And lastly The pancit bihon which became, Miki Bihon, Pancit habhab, Pancit Malabon, Pancit Palabok and Pancit Canton. These various foods that change now a days into a progressive style and taste to the savors of the Filipinos became an example of the global economic development of our country. Food is one example that the Filipinos adopted in culture of our foreign visitors. 

Yes because Jeepney is one of the symbols of the Philippines, for me it depicts craftmanship and shows how the naturalistic beauty of our country. We can consider it as an art since it signifies the hardships and happiness of Filipinos in their work which can be expound in naturalistic art. Our oublicc transportation can also be used as a work of art as what it was said " The Art of using the Jeep Body as the Canvas. The multi-colored Vinyl Stickers are cut-out like puzzle and pasted together as an image to complete the design. Enamel paint are also use in hand painting or Airbrushes being used as ways to design these Pinoy Jeepneys are called the JEEPNEY ART." Through the development of our country now a days Jeepney still can't be change, that shows us the culture of our country, As I qouted: "kita mo nga naman nagbago ng lahat kahit mga gusali at bahay maging ang mga palaisdaan sa dagat nagbago na rin sa pamamagitan ng teknolohiya at maging ang mga daan at lansangan sa lungsod natin nagbago na din pero ang Jeep nandiyan pa rin at handang tumulong sa mga pasaherong walang kotse." Jeepney as a means of art can also be a means of strengthening the economy, with it many employees can go easily to their offices with out the use of the car especially the penniless. Jeepney can be a strong provider of transportation that we can use easily to travel around whereever we want to go. To add more about Jeepney "Jeepney or Jeep are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines. They were originally made from US military jeeps left over from World War II and are well known for their flamboyant decoration and crowded seating. They have also become a symbol of Philippine culture. Now produced from Chassis and Surplus Diesel Engines from Japan. Made by Filipino Craftsman by hands from the body assemble to a perfect piece of art Called the Jeepney Art."

I testify my statement as a fact in the culture of us as Filipinos that Jeepney art is one a sign of art of our country in various ways. For me it also can orient our country to the aliens that can develop our economy as a means of tourist attraction. Though technology has changed the world our country still remains standing in our culture through Jeepney we can still say that Philippines still speaks of our own culture since one of it's resources doesn't change until now.

lunes, 6 de junio de 2016

The Emmo Hemmian Rhapsody

Emmo Hemmianic Rhapsody Thribe
The Fairy Tale in continuous sort of Ebrima in the sort of happily ever after as the Borat; in the custodies of assault against the blames of Riptos rage. From the name of womanhood and masculinity of an egalitarian role aspect through impetus of a search forth worthy as of an indigenous culture of brotherhood and sisterhood, crosses, days, and other aspect of having interdisciplinary respect with the whims of a mere possibility to the savage benevolence of the harbor of eclectic love story. The Rosenheim Bavaria through, the fruitful experiences of a good nature in the occults of society, a merrily Christmas of a happily ever after story continuously for the universal éclairs of different alters in love and death story. Actually the mage of a merciful vow to bow with; the essences of the different hierarchies where that a myriad passion to all of the verses of different anecdotes of song psalms in the virtuous of a great love story. Through the means of different insignias of a route to an intellectual and diverse methods of greater calm could be genetically incline to people of heaving mercy in balancing demarches of contradiction to anarchism. The views of the so called merciful love is always a mnemonic to savage a ritual for perfection of virginity, with the savvy sweet of enigmas to ask in different ways of eternity in the meander of scenic constituencies for arid desert of longevity for long granules of affirmative curvatures of a thrusting towards the neutrality of womanhood and masculine essences forth egalitarian to a fairytale to eternal life of living an enormous envisage of happily ever after. To sweetness of empathy against pathetic to sympathetic, that is still could be in an hierarchical way with the angst of divinity, wisdom is a cleric identity in the arduous of weakening soul to be healed. Redemption is an advent to scenic sensations of dealing in a youthful existence. To revert a sumptuous ordinance would be that, a heinous task to solve crimes and could lead happily ever after to the universal word of love and law. To an avert of pinnacles, the orbs of spread of a salve to mankind would be that a merge to a concise manner of romance. In different relationships, be it entail a mode of ways to gain consanguineous twine to an exceeding wholeness of society in giving good senses of mobilizing divergence of cascading like different travels and adventures to theories of surge for making heroic stories and acts. The verge of existence to tumultuous partaking contemplations of tributes to coy against coward rages of stencil of trombones and swords of warlike victory. Such that arch of triumphs to a vend of synthesis in the revert of rigor in the vividness of colors to make a velvet rose again, for princess and princesses like mephesto of rose and calms to cherish a rouge of allurance in the camouflage of betrayal. Essence wisdom to the real meaning of love for humanity that is isn’t a poisonous charm to cheat innocence of wealth for the punitive aspect of people in a discus throw against the maligned odours of thousand men to be engaged for woman to give a good negotiation around rule of universe. Girlfriend of the universe, be enlightened with such the meaning of fairy tale with the meaning of Emmo Hemmian Rhapsody in gauge against the alter ego of an evil that lurks in the minds of humanity. Isn’t a touch of race in a haste to safety of an annoint to meekness and making the bravery of heart through emotions of good public speaking. A strobe light in the happiness of sensation to perplex union of the so called vendetta against farflung enthusiasm in the endearment of wisdom and love forth freed and existence of sage in different connections to surface of the bottom and rose to Earthly vigor of sweetrose to under lye a habbit of conception jaundicing emergence of head top wisdom of courage to a fraternal purity of motion in aspect urge of conscience with the war against pride and such other seven capital sins.  Why envy turned victory in the epochs of fight for meander in the choice of Jurisdiction for the benevolence of society to people in abused of emergence for wantedness. As it is, in the circulation through correction of righteousness that must be in such an eager to fight for futility of egalitarian role for the means of Fairy Tale to humungous blessings for gender equality. The recoil of affluence in the independence of these days could be that languid in the scenic to make immense efforts for factions of the aqueous verge for existence to equate figures of a trial and usually all of a triumphant to doorways of eternity. The rolling stones as it is allegedly interwine with the different figures of speeches to delineate the statements male and female to a mere correction of habbits and ricochets of blessings for the fiefdom of the heroic romance forebearer of positivity of an entourage with different senses to amicability of people that must be protected in the aging betrayal of a not so Benjamin to the romanticizing pillars of sacrifices in thwart of union and legions to a mere delicate divulge of a phenomenon. Love story like Romeo and Juliet stance in a different sense of stories touch by fantacizing reflections in the midst of sequences towards magical encrypt of excerpt by the trajectories of different measle toe magic in the whimsical fortune of lute. The attacks of the synagogues where that, like a dream of convex untarnished emotions like another sequences to arid swells of contemptuous mirage of irony that is in a realistic defunct and an outrage of mischief to a misdemeanor angelical meteoric rise of starve to stress in a sprinkle of lights and twinkle of sparks for a colorful huntress of a desire and emotions of smiles. A ryhtm of music to the liturgical hydrochloride images of planetarium to be an opposition of accent by once who contradict the angular ensnare of poisonous charm. The incense of an anatomical purge of self lyred against the lust of dark presences of equal in disguise imitation in disgust for a pentatonic quadrant éclair a more perfect synapse and symbiosis of a biopsy to ridges of waves of the seas, unheretic to the perpendicular to goodness is usually respect to impetus. A 25 centavo coin can not be determine to a huge wholeness of axe resulting a mere lawful acts of mindlessness just like the drinking potion to be a repertoire in the magic of side by side by side onwards a heredity of ruly nature society. Kaya nga Jologs ng Ayala ehhh… Sosyal pero di masyadong veritaserum sa mga KJ na modest naman pero sweet ang tweetums na hindi naman birthday against the Cheetos of sexuality to insinuate the pregnancy like psychology of international studies. Tabi sa kabilang kabunkan ay may isa pang bulubundukin na tatawirin like a hegemonic thribe for the Victorian apathy.  Palo ba daw ang ombads ng bardot na mirat pero hindi naman bida atleast pantay pantay na pagtingin.
So for the continuous avert of a happily ever after the creed is that not believe them and tell rest in peace. To think of an oratorium of urge worthwhile in the hinge of signficant others where that for liberty and abode against the politics of unsensible conclusion, the Kimmy Berry strawberry in a way means could be that assault for stance in the love story of an eclectic demands. Colorful as it is like magazines of no reality but is a binary that must be monetized for poverty and run for errands like frog and the princess and sentiments of freed forth an analyses to ethereal visions of skies the limit with the lyre of fruitful Emmo Hemmian Rhapsody to endear conclusions of attachments and vigors of lounge in regulation of better remarks against the wrongs for name of neutral. As it is with essence of binge by better appeasement of sodas and junks for fruitful existence of a story to fairty and ethereal views of different options of ribonettes of flairs in the sweetness cherished of himmaaaa… haaaa… Dieduay maigaaatt nuuubb love MTV.  The fusion is that always could be that for the mere frankinsense that could make essences. The Ehras with the scenic of a motion to Epicurus league of contagious acceleration of the beauty like angel in disquise siege for a strobe of light in sight to marvelous extemporaneous divertion of a stolper samuelson before like in Abi’s ripening debut of catasthropic song of brotherhood when the lefroge of esquire of her run towards masculinity of equality of the egalitarian role worthwhile in a windrange of metric suffice to the queen scotish in the year latent in sense of latest Ehra assumption of Millenial for concept of grace. It’s usually a woman thought to berserking lineage to arc of designs in events of consequential sage of ruly design to a forebear of aqueous tendency in approach to a vicidus different tendency in emergence of usually aspire that women were bound to sense themselves that urge as being unique towards the universe and tend to think that is what we could be who could, and must be respected in different terms and is in different means. Womanhood with love, ethereal as it is to convex of that, our necessities of sensation to whims in dislodge of a pedagogical phenomenon in a savvy not to mutter the emulate of a mere hypotheses earthy in a ridge of fringe in making chats with the lacquer of encipher to the interests of woman capabilities especially of this year millinia in the upheaved of age towards a flambuouyant means to the deter of reactions in the senses of impetus against the mortgage to be solved. A rouge of curates to; the possibilities in tumultuous ascertainment to assurances like camouflage of colors through a scenic vitality of an onlooking glass. A mirage tendency to aqueous surge of growth, in senses of the so called fairytale with verdurous attempts of conflagration by flux of contemptuousness to fairytale in a happily ever after. Freedom love and happiness as a massive necessity to most human liturgy in heaving themselves of a venture by the enthusiasm of logical variation of continuous fundamental in solution of mathematical problems to give for consensus of maximizing the different epitomes for the kinship of Scotland at all causes of bittersweet though an espionage of a catalyst to the tantamount glory of enlightenment onwards the wisdom of defiling the meaning for given marksmanship of effacing the leering practices of different detours of anarchism juxtaposed like monarchism for a real fairytale in eternal life against the moods of sensations. The angst by different entwine in the possibilities that could become different senses in the whims of future by dichotomies to consume the valuable bignettes of extrovert and introvert acts. Like sip of wines and custards of platelets with touch of sweetness in the meadow of long way in sky through different means of herd for fantasizing the esque and meaningful beauty diverge as it is worthwhile at stake of verge for judges above the sky to give earthy behavior for optimism of different senses of happily ever after. The real meaning and effort of enthusiasm for ranges through capabilities to the all at a time in equate for values in motivations for prospects of emulating the mere emergence of behavior through affirmative consensus essences for owe to different capacities of  spacious conjectures of much diminutive difference of divulge to encrypt of summative persuasion to essences of ritual contradiction to to connection of an intertwining values for revert to divergence of beauty to route of intelligence. The traits is usually better to give kindred generosity to children, in another part business psychology is a pattern to human treatment, with the essence of parallel story telling for usually the human behavior the entailment of an arid swell to desert of cacophonies would be that a purge in human surge for rights and protection of our concierge to journey. Vendetta is usually continuous to the litigation of barbaric emulation of a contradiction to error of choices. With the angst of sociological syndrome to treat by the harmony of crosses in senses of friendship for a vend of security to flux of entailing flying daggers of happy dreams that could assert to goodness of sentiments by people in a scenic moments for spreading the wings to fly in an upsurge of regaining the deity in listening the mourn of people. Blessed are the people for they are mourn and they shouldn’t have known. The meek shall always arises and the brave realistically people of enlighten concise freed for being good could become a mutter of good pretenses against vigor of continually fiefdom who seek, The fairy tale to eternal life of Emmo Hemmian is that the one who urge. The essence of herds is that, airy to happiness of fresh and cold could be a partake to convex of love and death in the means of universal for avert of kindness to vengeance that must be contradicted in fairty for egalitarian role and concepts of Ehra to assumption of haughty in what’s gonna be in turn for ores and spectacles to clockwise time x2 generation to equal the fortuneless of my allergic to generic substance of dense airy no sense forth a mutter of no confidence coinciding to become a false pretense that will be goodwill in exchange for instances of Scottish in hale. The roots of a felony in kinship for gust of flying broil walls of destruction in direct banes to lucid aneurism, pag hindi happy holy kaya dapat laging happy. The march of prosthetic tooth, the breath of same Bad words is an intimates to become of S.A.M society for Emmo Hemmian redemption and fairy tale to eternal life. An opposition to the thrust of confidence is that, a thorax sun death grey sky of libido in pain for angles of triangles. Snows, happy covalence in bonds for emotions to the gains of a rouge in life for exchange of continuous security heroism to deter the leering practices of contagion alorica of mermaid in the debunk of theories, could be an assault for a hegemony to fruit of a mere happy ending in the scent of furies to surge away the unequal story and no meaning lecture to rail the sky. Read, the hearts what, what it wants with the mean less isle of revert of triumph for happy weather in take:
The leering in turn to imitations of them to become if cheating ceremonies up heaved, would be the judgment turned destructed for statements and pretenses, an urge to hydrochloride metabolic faces insinuated with lure of an inculcated routes to usual tendencies of a touch to curates of helms concubine with lute. A mere flavor of flamboyance in a ricochet of sentimental sadness of them, since of the foolish failing deluxe of love for amicability of a surge. A wish through happy means must not bad such usual for the liberty causes is also a mirage of beauty also for the great dragon to consanguine of the queen of Scots (Maroon love). Fairy tale to Eternal life, fairy tale to eternal life for a love of… Teka lang may baduy, mga baduy ba o essences lang talaga ng mga inggitero’t inggitera. The beauty that lies beneath usually is not happening, traitors where not allowed in the route of kingdom far, far away. Use your common sense naman sabi nga bawal manggulo ditto tapos hihirit ka pa, I’m passionately depressed, in the fiefdom of good and bad happily ever after usually consanguine with reality of a merge to, may pikon na naman. Hah!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Wala kong sinasabi… Hoy!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Wag niyo kong hawakan diyan!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Biscuit lang ang sa inyo!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Salisbury is that good for me because I’m totally fat.  The Emmo hemmian Fairy Tale to eternal life was that I become walking in the aisle of Makati as a means of a lady in horseback riding kaya… Hoyyyyy!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Wag niyo kong hawakan diyan!!!!!!!!!!!! Biscuit lang ang sa inyo, dare me. Through the means, of Tagalog English, English Tagalog expectant, of a myriad fatty acids to inculcate in a more destructed instances. Never been heard, of Laitance now in rail of stand of right in the equality of all, the egalitarian role to stance in the happiness in eclectic airy visions of bright to range of a mere enlightened happy correction of rules. In avoid of teen sensations, cheating ceremonies is realistically a misdemeanor against futile but living remarks in essences through values of a surge in different docile in marched continuously spread, walking without. Sarado pa naman ngayon isikmura mo na lang yan sa sarili mo, the magical poison which is that whimsical or a drinking fountain to throw away or discus the disease that is spreading in the so called fairy tale to eternal life.  Answers on, through totality peace in happily ever after would be for human surge and essence of a love and death in universal sage.

International Trade and Organization Agreement
The Bretton Woods Conference of 1944 recognized the need for a comparable international institution for trade (the later proposed International Trade Organization, ITO) to complement the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Probably because Bretton Woods was attended only by representatives of finance ministries and not by representatives of trade ministries, an agreement covering trade was not negotiated there.

In early December 1945, the United States invited its war-time allies to enter into negotiations to conclude a multilateral agreement for the reciprocal reduction of tariffs on trade in goods. In July 1945 the United States Congress had granted President Harry S. Truman the authority to negotiate and conclude such an agreement. At the proposal of the United States, the United Nations Economic and Social Committee adopted a resolution, in February 1946, calling for a conference to draft a charter for an International Trade Organization (ITO).

A Preparatory Committee was established in February 1946, and met for the first time in London in October 1946 to work on the charter of an international organization for trade; the work was continued from April to November 1947.[3] At the same time, the negotiations on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in Geneva advanced well and by October 1947 an agreement was reached: on October 30, 1947 eight of the twenty-three countries that had negotiated the GATT signed the "Protocol of Provisional Application of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade".

In March 1948, the negotiations on the ITO Charter were successfully completed in Havana. The Charter provided for the establishment of the ITO, and set out the basic rules for international trade and other international economic matters. The ITO Charter, however, never entered into force; while repeatedly submitted to the US Congress, it was never approved. The most usual argument against the new organization was that it would be involved into internal economic issues.[5] On December 6, 1950 President Truman announced that he would no longer seek Congressional approval of the ITO Charter.

In the absence of an international organization for trade, countries turned, from the early 1950s, to the only existing multilateral international institution for trade, the "GATT 1947" to handle problems concerning their trade relations. Therefore, the GATT would over the years "transform itself" into a de facto international organization. It was contemplated that the GATT would be applied for several years until the ITO came into force. However, since the ITO was never brought into being, the GATT gradually became the focus for international governmental cooperation on trade matters.

Seven rounds of negotiations occurred under GATT before the eighth round—the Uruguay Round—concluded in 1994 with the establishment of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as the GATT's replacement. The GATT principles and agreements were adopted by the WTO, which was charged with administering and extending them.
World Trade Organization
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. The organization officially commenced on January 1, 1995 under the Marrakech Agreement, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. The organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalizing trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants' adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments[5]:fol.9-10 and ratified by their parliaments.[6] Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay Round (1986–1994).

The organization is attempting to complete negotiations on the Doha Development Round, which was launched in 2001 with an explicit focus on addressing the needs of developing countries. According to a European Union statement, "The 2008 Ministerial meeting broke down over a disagreement between exporters of agricultural bulk commodities and countries with large numbers of subsistence farmers on the precise terms of a 'special safeguard measure' to protect farmers from surges in imports." The position of the European Commission is that "The successful conclusion of the Doha negotiations would confirm the central role of multilateral liberalisation and rule-making. It would confirm the WTO as a powerful shield against protectionist backsliding." An impasse remains. As of June 2012, the future of the Doha Round remains uncertain: The work programme lists 21 subjects in which the original deadline of 1 January 2005 was missed (So was the next unofficial target of the end of 2006.)
The WTO's predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), was established after World War II in the wake of other new multilateral institutions dedicated to international economic cooperation — notably the Bretton Woods institutions known as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. A comparable international institution for trade, named the International Trade Organization was successfully negotiated. The ITO was to be a United Nations specialized agency and would address not only trade barriers but other issues indirectly related to trade, including employment, investment, restrictive business practices, and commodity agreements. But the ITO treaty was not approved by the U.S. and a few other signatories and never went into effect.

In the absence of an international organization for trade, the GATT would over the years "transform itself" into a de facto international organization.

Among the various functions of the WTO, these are regarded by analysts as the most important:

    It oversees the implementation, administration and operation of the covered agreements.
    It provides a forum for negotiations and for settling disputes.

Additionally, it is the WTO's duty to review and propagate the national trade policies, and to ensure the coherence and transparency of trade policies through surveillance in global economic policy-making.[30][32] Another priority of the WTO is the assistance of developing, least-developed and low-income countries in transition to adjust to WTO rules and disciplines through technical cooperation and training.

The WTO is also a center of economic research and analysis: regular assessments of the global trade picture in its annual publications and research reports on specific topics are produced by the organization.[34] Finally, the WTO cooperates closely with the two other components of the Bretton Woods system, the IMF and the World Bank.
Principles of the trading system

The WTO establishes a framework for trade policies; it does not define or specify outcomes. That is, it is concerned with setting the rules of the trade policy games. Five principles are of particular importance in understanding both the pre-1994 GATT and the WTO:

    Non-discrimination. It has two major components: the most favoured nation (MFN) rule, and the national treatment policy. Both are embedded in the main WTO rules on goods, services, and intellectual property, but their precise scope and nature differ across these areas. The MFN rule requires that a WTO member must apply the same conditions on all trade with other WTO members, i.e. a WTO member has to grant the most favorable conditions under which it allows trade in a certain product type to all other WTO members. "Grant someone a special favour and you have to do the same for all other WTO members." National treatment means that imported goods should be treated no less favorably than domestically produced goods (at least after the foreign goods have entered the market) and was introduced to tackle non-tariff barriers to trade (e.g. technical standards, security standards et al. discriminating against imported goods).
    Reciprocity. It reflects both a desire to limit the scope of free-riding that may arise because of the MFN rule, and a desire to obtain better access to foreign markets. A related point is that for a nation to negotiate, it is necessary that the gain from doing so be greater than the gain available from unilateral liberalization; reciprocal concessions intend to ensure that such gains will materialise.
    Binding and enforceable commitments. The tariff commitments made by WTO members in a multilateral trade negotiation and on accession are enumerated in a schedule (list) of concessions. These schedules establish "ceiling bindings": a country can change its bindings, but only after negotiating with its trading partners, which could mean compensating them for loss of trade. If satisfaction is not obtained, the complaining country may invoke the WTO dispute settlement procedures.
    Transparency. The WTO members are required to publish their trade regulations, to maintain institutions allowing for the review of administrative decisions affecting trade, to respond to requests for information by other members, and to notify changes in trade policies to the WTO. These internal transparency requirements are supplemented and facilitated by periodic country-specific reports (trade policy reviews) through the Trade Policy Review Mechanism (TPRM). The WTO system tries also to improve predictability and stability, discouraging the use of quotas and other measures used to set limits on quantities of imports.
    Safety valves. In specific circumstances, governments are able to restrict trade. The WTO’s agreements permit members to take measures to protect not only the environment but also public health, animal health and plant health.

There are three types of provision in this direction:

                articles allowing for the use of trade measures to attain non-economic objectives;
                articles aimed at ensuring "fair competition"; members must not use environmental protection measures as a means of disguising protectionist policies.
                provisions permitting intervention in trade for economic reasons.
      Exceptions to the MFN principle also allow for preferential treatment of developing countries, regional free trade areas and customs unions.
Organizational structure
The General Council has the following subsidiary bodies which oversee committees in different areas:
Council for Trade in Goods
    There are 11 committees under the jurisdiction of the Goods Council each with a specific task. All members of the WTO participate in the committees. The Textiles Monitoring Body is separate from the other committees but still under the jurisdiction of Goods Council. The body has its own chairman and only 10 members. The body also has several groups relating to textiles.[40]

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
    Information on intellectual property in the WTO, news and official records of the activities of the TRIPS Council, and details of the WTO's work with other international organizations in the field.
Council for Trade in Services
    The Council for Trade in Services operates under the guidance of the General Council and is responsible for overseeing the functioning of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). It is open to all WTO members, and can create subsidiary bodies as required.
Trade Negotiations Committee
    The Trade Negotiations Committee (TNC) is the committee that deals with the current trade talks round. The chair is WTO's director-general. As of June 2012 the committee was tasked with the Doha Development Round.

The Service Council has three subsidiary bodies: financial services, domestic regulations, GATS rules and specific commitments. The General council has several different committees, working groups, and working parties. There are committees on the following: Trade and Environment; Trade and Development (Subcommittee on Least-Developed Countries); Regional Trade Agreements; Balance of Payments Restrictions; and Budget, Finance and Administration. There are working parties on the following: Accession. There are working groups on the following: Trade, debt and finance; and Trade and technology transfer.
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